The main disk's angular velocity Ω is a constant 1 rad/s about the fixed X-Y axes. The rider disk is attached to the main disk 3 meters from the center and has a constant angular velocity ω of 2 rad/s relative to the main disk. Both disks have no angular acceleration (dω/dt = 0, dΩ/dt = 0).
The rotating x-y axes are attached to the main disk and rotate with the main disk.
The rider is 1.5 m from the rider-disk center.
The question requires the velocity at t = 2.4 s. Since both the time and angular velocities are known, the rotational position of both disks can be determined by θ = Ω t and β = ω t.
The disks are assumed to be at full speed at
t = 0.0 s. This ignores all start up accelerations.
Since there are no angular accelerations, all tangential linear accelerations are zero. However, the normal linear acceleration are not zero.
Use the relative velocity equation in the I-J fixed coordinate system (the i-j system could also be used),
aB = aA + dΩ/dt × rB/A + Ω × (Ω × rB/A)
+ 2 Ω × vB/A + aB/A
Analyze each term in the equation.